Nafplio, the capital of the prefecture of Argolida and the first capital of Greece, is situated at the foot of two fortresses, the Palamidi and Acronafplia. Nafplio is a picturesque town with 19.000 thousand inhabitants with great historical and cultural tradition. Nafplio is combining a set of images that fascinate visitors.
The name Nafplion or Nauplion was adopted during the Byzantine period, when the city was center of local Byzantine hegemony, with most important ruler Theodore Sgouros.
A magnificent Venetian fortress built in 1687 by the Venetian Morosini to serve as main defensive mainstay of Nafplio. Between 1711-1714 the last fortifications were implemented by Grimani. On top of the structure the church of St. Andrew was built during the Venetian era. In 1833 and for 11 months, one of the eight bastions of the fort was used as a prison of Theodoros Kolokotronis, a hero of the revolution against Ottoman Empire. The imposing fortress of Palamidi rises 216 meters above the city of Nafplio. It is open to visitors and you can admire the fortifications and the spectacular views offered. You can access the fort by car or if you feel adventurous by climbing the famous 999 steps
Another fort built in 1473 on the island of Agios Theodoros at the harbor entrance. Its name comes from the Turkish word Burj, meaning fort. Bourtzi was used as the first prison cell of Theodoros Kolokotronis before being taken to Palamidi. It is easily accessible by boat from city port. From Bourtzi you can admire the the old city of Nafplio from a unique perspective view
It is the oldest castle of Nafplio with panoramic views and is opposite Bourtzi. The fort is said to communicate with Palamidi with a secret passage. Important fortification works were made by the Franks after 1210. Kapodistrias built there a military hospital, then the fortress was used as a prison and later during the era of king George the 1st turned into barracks.
The historic town lies on the north side of the low hill of Akronafplia. The imposing neoclassical structures, the impressive mansions, the elegant balconies and the quaint cobblestone streets impress the visitors who can enjoy themselves in different shops and admiring the Venetian balconies
Syntagma Square is located at the center of Nafplio. It is a square surrounded by historic buildings such as the Old Parliament House, the Palace of the first Governor Ioannis Kapodistrias, the Venetian castle (today is the Archaeological museum), the old mosque. There are really a lot of restaurants and modern coffee shops and it is a very safe place for kids to play.
The building dates back to 1713 where the Venetians used it as a warehouse. Here there are exhibits from excavations in the area. Rare finds of the Mycenaean period are exposed. Among the most important exhibits is the bronze armor of the 15th BC from Dendra, and amforoeidis crater from Nauplia of 13th century BC
Located just before the Syntagma square, is a stone building that operates as a museum since 1988. There the first Greek Military Academy was established and later the first Ministry of Defence. The exhibits are related to the history of the school and the wars that Greece participated.
A neoclassical building dating from the early 20th century. Visitors of the folklore museum will have the chance to see traditional costumes, utensils, embroidery, photographs and jewelry from the urban life in Nafplion during 19th century. In the central exhibition area you will find well preserved looms and chests.
The Gate was built in 1708 and was the only entrance to the city from the mainland. Located on the road to Akronafplia. Visitors here will see the statue of the chieftain Staikos Staikopoulos, one of the heroes of Greek Revolution in 1821 against Ottomans.
It is one of the most important buildings in the city and is located in Syntagma Square. It is Ottoman architecture and functioned as a mosque until the liberation where it was repaired. There was starting to operate in 1825, the first Parliament of Greeks.
There he became the first National Assembly to ratify the election of Othon as king of the Greeks. The sculpture on the rock was made by Siegel after ordering of Othon’s father, in honor of the lost soldiers of the sequence of the king.
Dating back to the 15th century and is situated near Syntagma Square. Just Outside the temple, Saint Anastasios was tortured by the Turks on 1 February 1655. He is the patron saint of the town and is celebrated every 1st of February.
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